An Analysis on The Open Society to The Main Characters of Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol: A Perspective of Socrates

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Bagus Waluyo Fabiola Dharmawanti Kurnia Ali Mustofa Endang Setyorini


An Literature is important because we can understand the issue of life through reading literature. It can also amuse and allow us to avoid our dilemma for a while. In this review, the author would examine Socrates ' viewpoint in open society with Charles Dickens ' A Christmas Carol's main characters. The research was carried out by Mr. Ebenezer Scrooge and Jacob Marley. The study aims and focuses on the key aspects on open society related to Freedom, democracy , Equality , and Social Responsibility to the main Characters of that novel. (Popper, 2013) According to him, the liberal definition of freedom, based on the categorical imperative of John Stuart Mill, was good for life and human beings are ends, and to refrain from using them as moral absolute for other purposes-and as the core of an open society. (Peters, 2012) Openness is a dynamic euphemism representing a change in philosophy and culture, a series of intertwined and nuanced changes that alter economies, production methods and consumption, culminating in a new set of policies focused on openness, collaborative ethics and academic-to-peer cooperation. The writer will use descriptive qualitative method because this analysis is intended to explore what the novel itself is. all of data used in this writing are from libraries and also from many sources dealing with the topic of this study and the primary sources of the data is exactly from the Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol . The results of this study showed that first , Mr. Ebenezer Scrooge is showing a freedom and social responsibility “ you were always a good friend to me,” said Scrooge.” Thankee!” You wiil be haunted, “ resumed the ghost,” by three spirits” Scrooge’s countenance fell almost as low as Ghost (page 24). “Scrooge regarded every one with a delighted smile.he looked so irresistibly pleasant, in a word, that three our for good – humored Christmas to you!”( page: 109 ). Second, Jacob Marley is showing equality and democracy in his running, “ But you were always a good man of business,Jacob,” faltered Scrooge, who now began to apple this to himself” (page 22-23), “ you were always a good friend to me,” sai Scrooge. “Thankee!” (page: 31)

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WALUYO, Bagus et al. An Analysis on The Open Society to The Main Characters of Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol: A Perspective of Socrates. Journal of Development Research, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 71-75, may 2020. ISSN 2579-9347. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 dec. 2020. doi:
Education and Social Science